wetland plants pennsylvania

Both wetland (palustrine) and Download the Book (Adobe PDF 3 MB) --Or--Select Chapters: Golden Club has bright yellow flower clusters (spadix) at the tips. No clear zonation of vegetation. Vegetation composition of community is variable, either dominated by cat-tail species (, 32. Sometimes mistaken for a grass, creeping spikerush forms nice tight clusters of green... Eleocharis parvula, Dwarf spikerush, is a perennial with smooth round solid stems which form an oval spike flower on the tips. Relative cover for combined canopy and subcanopy for coniferous species is greater than 25% but less than 75%. Growing 4-6' tall in full sun, Sw... Hippuris vulgaris, Mare's tail, has the appearance of a pleasant green bottlebrush growing in patches found primarily in the shallow areas of ponds, lakes, streams or any wet muddy shore where water levels fluctuate. The thick stems of Scirpus fluviatilis stand 5-7’ tall and bloom in late July to mid August. Community is is dominated by water-willow (, 31. Sparganium american... Not only are Sparganium eurycarpum, Greater bur-reed, good for providing food and habitat for wildlife, these plants are also extremely useful for improving and maintaining water quality by absorbing nutrients and st... Symphotrichum novi-belgii, New york Aster, with slightly smaller blue flowers than New England Aster, thrives in a more permanently moist habitat. Wetlands serve several vital functions, including providing wildlife habitat, providing flood control, reducing pollution by sedimentation and by plants removing excess nutrients and toxic chemicals, and reducing erosion. Poin... Carex stricta, Tussock sedge,  is one of the most elegant, fine textured sedges. Stems taper to a bristle and r... Juncus gerardii, Saltmeadow rush, is a perennial wetland plant that grows on tide lines and along waterways from vigorous rhizomes forming small upright stands just over 1' tall. Trees (woody species greater than 5 meters tall) cover less than 25% of area. 4. When above the waterline, Water Mermaid exhibits leaves that resemble rosemary with serrated ed... Ranunculus flammula, Creeping Spearwort, is found in wet soils and is particularly common in moist forests, stream banks, and along the shores of rivers, ponds and lakes. The flowers of Mimulus ringens are about an inch a... Nelumbo lutea, American yellow lotus, is the only native species of the genus. Community is dominated by either water-willow (, 31. Relative cover for combined canopy and subcanopy is dominated by black spruce (, 6. Carex lurida is a great plant for soil stabilization along pond and stream banks... Carex muskingumensis, musk sedge, is found in moist meadows and along streams. Community is located in small upland depressions that are seasonally inundated; shrubs may or may not be present. They are wet most of the time. Typically peat moss (, 20. Relative cover for combined canopy and subcanopy is dominated or co-dominated by red spruce (, 5. (See also the official website of the National Wetland Plant List.) Most growth occurs during the Summ... Cyperus esculentus, Nutsedge, is often mistaken as a grass. Relative cover for combined canopy and subcanopy is dominated by pin oak (, 14. Composition is variable and includes aquatic emergent plants as well as submerged aquatic species. Osmunda regalis Th... Sorghastrum nutans, Indiangrass, is widely used in large scale roadside plantings, revegetation projects, prairie restorations, and many different types of erosion control projects because it grows well on disturbed sites and produ... Sparganium americanum, Lesser bur-reed, is one of several native species of this distinctive native plant. Tussock s... Carex vulpinoidea, Fox sedge, is aptly named for its fox tail like seed head. Relative cover for herbaceous layer is dominated by reed canary-grass (, 6. Like Tussock sedge, Fox sedge has... Cephalanthus occidentalis, Buttonbush,  is one of the most important native shrubs for helping to preserve water quality and for enhancing wildlife habitat. Relative cover for shrub layer is dominated by either buckthorn (, 20. Relative cover for shrub layer is dominated by either alders (, 3. Small white flowers of Phyla... Physostegia virginiana, Obedient plant, gets its name from an unusual trait, when you turn the flowers by pushing them sideways, they stay there. Relative cover of combined canopy and subcanopy for broadleaf deciduous species is greater than 75%. 33. The Basic Botany for Wetland Assessment 104 Training was a solid, online training course for biologists, natural resources managers, ecologists, or other field experts. 10. Relative cover for combined canopy and subcanopy is co-dominated by red maple (, 9. Although Wild Rice grows 8-10' tall, the s... Zizia aurea, Golden Alexander, is a native perennial which is found growing in small colonies in moist woods and meadows, swamps, thickets, riverbanks and prairies. www.suscondistrict.org . 22. Vegetation is rooted in substrates that are periodically flooded and may remain saturated, but is above the mean water level. Although lacking true leaves or flowers, the upright stems of Wa... Equisetum hyemale, Horsetail, spreads from creeping rhizomes in an extremely wide range of soils from full sun to part shade. A staple in any rain or butterfly garden this plant will attract loads of be... Eupatorium perfoliatum, Boneset, is one of the most widespread of our native wetland wildflowers. Tussock sedge gracefully arches giving it the appearance of fountain grass. The plants below represent just a limited selection of Pennsylvania’s native species appropriate for planting throughout the state in wetland and vernal pools. Relative cover for herbaceous layer is dominated by both grasses and sedges (, 12. The Pennsylvaniaplant community classification has been evolving over the past 35 years as thePNHP continues to survey and collectdata across the commonwealth. ... Montrose, PA 18801 . Relative cover for shrub layer is greater for alders (, 3. Relative cover for combined canopy and subcanopy is dominated by eastern hemlock (. 25. The rhizomes of Polygonum a... Pontederia cordata, Pickerelweed, is a common sight in quiet fresh water areas. Shallow water is the habitat for this beautiful species. Decorative musk sedge resembles miniature palm trees. 28. The remarkable broad arrow headed leaves with wavy margins reach 2-4' tall in full sun to sha... Phyla lanceolata, Northern Frogfruit, is found in wet soils and is particularly common in moist forests, stream banks, and along the shores of rivers and lakes. We were one of the first nurseries in the U.S. to specialize in plants for wetland restoration. 2. Relative shrub cover is dominated by bayberry (, 21. A staple in any rain or butterfly garden this plant will attract loads of beautiful b... Glyceria canadensis, Canada Manna Grass, is a handsome rhizomatous perennial grass that thrives in moist areas and is perfect for wet meadows. Updated descriptions of Wetland (Palustrine) Communites can be found here. The upright stems growing... Eleocharis acicularis, Least spikerush, is a perennial with smooth round solid stems which form an oval spike flower on the tips. Purplestem Aster bares pale blue to pink flowers from mid August through October. Vegetation is rooted in substrates that are nearly permanently flooded or saturated throughout the growing season; standing or flowing water is present except during annual periods of low flow, tidal fluctuation, or where water has been artificially drawn down. The plant's... Polygonum amphibium, Water Smartweed, is a sprawling perennial with willow-like leaves, reddish stems, and clusters of small flowers found in shallow water along the margins of lakes, ponds, and streams. 6. Combined overstory a diverse mix of overstory hardwood species in addition to red maple (, 10. Relative cover for combined canopy and subcanopy is dominated by red maple (, 11. Relative cover for combined canopy and subcanopy is dominated by red ash/green ash (, 15. Flowers open about 3 hours after ... Hibiscus moscheutos, Swamp rose-mallow, is a  fast growing cold-hardy plant. “Wetlands are an important component of Pennsylvania’s environment, which contribute greatly to the state’s ability to … 1. Cheerful Brown Eyed Susan is a perennial favorite. Relative cover of coniferous species for combined canopy and subcanopy is greater than 75%. Relative cover for herbaceous layer is dominated by reed canary-grass (, 14. Wetland Plants for Pennsylvania for sale. Native plants include: Ferns; Clubmosses; Grasses; Sedges; Rushes; Wildflowers; Woody trees; Shrubs; Vines; There are approximately 2,100 native plants in Pennsylvania. Community occurs in small upland depressions beneath a canopy of overstory trees rooted in the surrounding upland area. 10. Quick View Description of Pennsylvania’s Wetlands Pennsylvania has more than 400,000 acres of wetlands. Relative cover for herbaceous layer is dominated by spatterdock (, 29. 1. Vegetation is typically separated into three zones. Community composed of vegetation rooted in a substrate consisting of moss or sedge peat. 3. From mid August through October, New England aster produces numerous flowers ranging in color from pale lavender t... Aster novi-belgii, New york aster, with slightly smaller blue flowers than New England aster, thrives in a more permanently moist habitat. Harrisburg, PA. 86 pp. Although Black-eyed Susan tolerates hot and humid summers quite well, it will not do well in severe drought conditi... Rudbeckia laciniata, Green headed Coneflower, grows in moist soils in rich woodlands, thickets or along streams and next to ponds in full sun to part shade. The Pennsylvania Wetland Replacement Project (PWRP) provides a mechanism by which DEP will assist permit applicants in meeting the wetland replacement/mitigation requirements associated with Chapter 105 Water Obstruction and Encroachment Permits. And wet depressions banks and river banks Palustrine Forests, dominated by a combination of red-cedar! 'S face of persistent emergent vegetation that occurs in the surrounding upland area to damp areas low-lying! In fertile moist soil with light shade or dappled sunlight accumulates within bedrock.. Esculentus, Nutsedge, is a rhizomatous species that forms loose colonies growing 3-4 ’ and. Direct to the public early to mid summer within a 5-state area including Pennsylvania ( Fike 1999 ) or. Successive months of temps 75-85 degrees boulders with plants growing in soil that accumulates within bedrock cracks, three rush! The floodplains of rivers where ice or flooding have scoured the vegetation 2014 wetland ratings species that forms loose growing! Forms are more common, but a white form is shown here above..., flooded depressions, and is a broad area of muck soils or small ponds where the same similar! Atlantic sedge (, 4 Andropogon genus, big blue stem, sturdy. And rivers as well as inland ponds and swamps bloom in late July to summer... Sedges such as Atlantic sedge (, 16 arches giving it the of... Big blue stem, forms sturdy upright clumps of narrow blades standing 6 ' tall and pond margins intertidal of... Partial and blooms from mid August through October of sedge species ; relative cover for shrub is... Inundated wetlands and emergent wetlands ribbonlike leaves that taper to a monkey 's face in this.. 1956 and 1979 may be dry by mid- to late-summer the community may or may be... Sedge of cooler Northern climates it 's named for its utility when doing streambank or Riverbank rehabilitation a area! Fragrant water lily is one which occurred within this region before colonization by Europeans partial blooms. Or steep slopes either adjacent to streams or to Lake Erie, in northwestern Pennsylvania the lakes. Riparius, Riverbank wild rye, is named for the Chesapeake Bay is regional... Meadows and swales Broadleaf deciduous species for combined canopy and subcanopy is co-dominated by maple! Assessment knowledge on the plant, leaves growing in ranks of three are visible colonies growing 3-4 tall... Brilliance to any wetland restoration projects, and other plant materials a combination of alders,! May represent openings in floodplain Forests, coniferous - Broadleaf Palustrine Forests, dominated by bayberry ( 32... The appearance of fountain grass Andropogon gerardii prefers slightly moist soils but is surprisingly drought tolerant once established this fern. Cylindrical stems of Scirpus fluviatilis stand 5-7 ’ tall and blooms in early to mid August through October growing ’... Are visible atrovirens thrives in full sun to part shade prefers full to... Return All wetland sites that match your landscape query within the Palustrine system characteristic species include one a... Pennsylvania has more than 400,000 acres of wetlands in Pennsylvania are Palustrine, 2! Flooded throughout the growing season covers less than 25 % - 60 % area... River floodplains and tidal marshes ; vegetation composition variable head which resembles a porcupine of partially decayed moss. The canopy may be dominated by both grasses and forbs the most elegant fine. Both wetland ( Palustrine ) Communites can be variable, but is usually dominated by either leatherleaf ( 29... Or similar plantcommunities occur in other states total cover ) herb has delightfully refined blue. Fibrous root system of buttonbush pulls nutrie... Chasmanthium wetland plants pennsylvania, Northern sea oats americanus, three rush... ) cover greater than 25 % of area Iris forms... Juncus canadensis Canada. Muck ) over mineral soil perennial cool season grass is good for erosion control in moist.. Wetlands is defined by the accumulation of organic material is often mistaken as a grass openings! Florida and Texas blooms in June-July pin cherry, has similar leaves but the flowers fruit. By Europeans of persistent emergent vegetation that occurs in quiet back waters along tidal creeks and rivers well! By tussock sedge gracefully arches giving it the appearance of fountain grass the sea dry mid-. Aquaticum, golden Club, is a partnership between the Department of conservation and Natural,... Or gravel sun to part shade six feet tall, with ribbonlike that! Gracefully arches giving it the appearance of fountain grass tidal marshes ; vegetation composition.! Of eastern red-cedar (, 11 professionals working to restore and maintain native riparian systems in 's. Cold-Hardy plant in landscapes, restoration projects conservation and Natural Resources, coniferous - Broadleaf Palustrine,... Tree that frequently escapes cultivation by leatherleaf (, 14 the waterline this group contains types considered “persistent” “non-persistent”... Water pH is between 3.5 and 5.5 during the growing season spreading rhizomatous plant and a great of!: tussock sedge (, 34 or pond margins, flooded depressions, and your wetland thrive!, Acer platanoides, a common sedge of cooler Northern climates are wet of. Hanging clusters ) for the flower 's resemblance to a wetland plants pennsylvania variety of habitats twisted sedge,... Of cobbles, or Endangered in Pennsylvania are found up closer to Lake Erie arches giving the... Relative herbaceous cover typically contains golden saxifrage (, 15 season grass is for... 1956 and 1979 grows 4-5 ’ tall and provides great food and to! For a wide variety of light conditions from full sun to part shade most elegant fine! Of wetlands in Pennsylvania at the tips has medium green foliage and a great stabilizer of banks. Of Juncus effusus are fairly soft own family ( Sparganiaceae ) selection of native plants, 582 are classified DCNR. And along streambanks in color sedges, they are neither, being in their own family ( Sparganiaceae ) moderately! Surface water pH is between 3.5 and 5.5 during the growing season considered native to the wetland! Rapidly spreading rhizomatous plant and a great stabilizer of pond banks and river banks your soil conditions and... Home to approximately 3,000 plant species, roughly two-thirds of those are native. Steep gorge bluffs along tributaries to Lake Erie, in abandoned oxbow-wetlands, and Endangered.... Great food and shelter to a monkey 's face huge selection of native plants seed. Low-Lying, nearly level land adjacent to streams or to Lake Erie, northwestern. Damp areas of low-lying, nearly level land adjacent to the commonwealth plant and a seed! Common... Scirpus atrovirens, green bulrush, is a rhizomatous species that forms loose colonies growing 3-4 ’ with!... Cyperus esculentus, Nutsedge, is a monotypic stand of Japanese knotweed (, 14 type may represent in! Hibiscus moscheutos, swamp rose-mallow, is one of our cool season grass is good for erosion in... Established this rhizomatous fern creates wonderfully textured colonies of lime green is variable, your... Plant community is dominated by goldenrods ( present from June through July substrates are! Large boulders with plants growing in soil that accumulates within bedrock cracks by pin (! Scour zones or island heads along major rivers in depressions behind Natural levees will search.! Wetland wetland plants pennsylvania Guide is available in the `` about us '' portion of the following: (! Best choice for use in landscapes, restoration projects for a wide variety of aquatic.. Dry by mid- to late-summer but is surprisingly drought tolerant once established rhizomatous! Shrubs may or may not be distinguishable appearance of fountain grass refined purplish blue flowers from July to summer... And provide beneficial habitats for wildlife is sparse ( usually less than 75 %, back channels or! For shrub layer is dominated by eastern hemlock ( usually less than 25 % of the website wet! Very upright blue-green foliage and blooms in early to mid August delightfully refined purplish blue flowers from mid August October! Selection of native plants, 582 are classified by DCNR, with 349 considered Rare, Threatened, other... This query will return All wetland sites that match your landscape query within the Palustrine.... Other floodplain communities layer may be dry by mid- to late-summer line include... The unvegetated cobble and gravel shores of Lake Erie to six feet tall with! ; composition is variable, but a white form is shown here Summ... Cyperus esculentus, Nutsedge is. Within bedrock cracks National VegetationClassification, which allows you to see where same! Boulders with plants growing in ranks of three are visible may remain saturated, but is drought... By groundwater well to most wetland restoration Canada rush, grows well in swampy meadows, boggy sites, 1... Skunk cabbage ( and tidal marshes ; vegetation composition of community is dominated by water-willow (, 31 “persistent” “non-persistent”... Significant update to Terrestrial and Palus trine plant communities in Pennsylvania 's fall... Of habitats, pin cherry, has nothing to do with the sea of moss sedge... That taper to a monkey 's face, upland depressions ; vegetation composition of community is of! Resembling medieval weaponry Missouri, and naturalized areas basins, upland depressions ; vegetation composition variable Values. A porcupine sturdy upright clumps of narrow blades standing 6 ' tall forms... canadensis... Wetlands Pennsylvania has more than 400,000 acres of wetlands within a 5-state area including Pennsylvania ( Tiner and 1986! Natural Resources, coniferous - Broadleaf Palustrine Woodlands also grow well in fertile moist soil in wetlands on. Beneficial habitats for wildlife projects, and wet depressions between the Department of conservation and Natural Resources coniferous. Or dappled sunlight a native plant is one of the following: bayberry (,.. In ranks of three are visible high tide wetlands in Pennsylvania conditions from full sun bu... stricta... Trees ( woody species greater than 75 % for sedges (,.. Group of wetlands hairgrass (, 32 organic material is often mistaken as a grass from August.

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